Sufia Kamal Bangladeshi Female Poet

Sufia Kamal Bangladeshi Female Poet

 

Sufia Kamal Bangladeshi Female Poet

Begum Sufia Kamal is a renowned poet, writer, feminist, and one of the pioneers of the women's movement in Bangladesh. Sufia Kamal was born on 20 June 1911 at her uncle's house in Shaistabad, Barisal. At the time of Sufia Kamal's birth, Bengali Muslim women had to live a life of house arrest. They did not have any opportunity to go to school or college. In that hostile environment, Sufia Kamal did not get the opportunity of formal education. He has been educated in self-education amidst the ups and downs of the family. In the family where Sufia Kamal was born, women's education was not considered necessary. He learned to read Bengali from his mother Sabera Begum. In 1924, at the age of 13, Sufia was married to her cousin Syed Nehal Hossain. Nehal was relatively modern-minded, he encouraged Sufia Kamal to read literature. Sufia started reading the writings of Bengali writers of that time. Sufia Kamal went to Calcutta in 1918. There he met Begum Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain.


Besides reading literature, Sufia Kamal started composing literature. His first poem, Basanti, was published in 1926 in the influential periodical Saoga. During his stay in Calcutta in the thirties, he saw the bright stars of Bengali literature like Rabindranath, Nazrul, Saratchandra, and others. Sufia Kamal was introduced to Rokeya by Anjuman Khawatine Islam, an organization founded by Begum Rokeya to encourage Muslim women to participate in cultural activities. Begum Rokeya's thoughts and promises were also transmitted to him, which had a far-reaching effect on his life. Along with increasing social awareness, his literary activities continued. In 1937, a collection of his stories, Care Kanta, was published. In 1938, Kazi Nazrul Islam wrote his first book of poetry, Sanjher Maya. The book garnered praise from intellectuals, among whom was Rabindranath Tagore. After the partition of the country in 1947, Sufia Kamal moved to Dhaka with her family. She herself took an active part in the language movement and encouraged women to take part in it. She has played a brilliant role in the struggle for women's awakening and the establishment of equal rights in independent Bangladesh. She joined the anti-authoritarian movement in 1990, ignoring the curfew and marching in silence. She has fought to the death for free will and against communalism and fundamentalism. Participated in every progressive movement. Sufia Kamal died on 20 November 1999 in Dhaka. 

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